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Psychology for UPSC Mains, 2011: Paper-I

 

  1. Answer the following, each in not more than 100 words:

    10 X 6 = 60

    1. Describe the key assumptions on which psychology claims to be a science.
    2. Suggest a plan of an experimental study to evaluate the effect of compensatory education on academic achievement of school-going students from low income group.
    3. On what grounds are STM and LTM distinguished?
    4. How the principles of encoding help enhancing the use of mnemonic devices?
    5. Distinguish between negative reinforcement and punishment. Indicate the limitations of punishment in the context of learning.
    6. What do illusions tell about the nature of perception?
    1. What is social constructionism? How does it challenge the mainstream psychology?

      20

    2. Discuss the consequences of learned helplessness as demonstrated in classic experiment on dogs. Find out its parallels in real life.

      20

    3. How does the brain mediate between the genotype and phenotype for psychological characteristics?

      10

    4. Contrast bottom-up and top-down theories of perception?

      10

    1. How does signal-detection theory envisage the decision process? In what other areas of psychology can it be applied?

      30

    2. How does the level of processing model differ from multistore and working memory models? Explain.

      30

    1. Critically evaluate the role of parenting style, peer group and media in identity formation during adolescence.

      30

    2. Examine the concerns for control, measurement and artifacts, and also indicate the threats that they pose to the development of scienfitic psychology.

      20

  2. Write short notes on the following from a sociological perspective (Each short note in about 150 words):

    10 X 6 = 60

    1. Differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning and give reasons for the preference of scientists towards inductive reasoning.
    2. How does arousal theory explain human motivation?
    3. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation? Explain with the help of examples.
    4. How is the information we hold about ourselves organized and interpreted?
    5. What are the functions of emotions?
    1. What are the criteria to identify creativity? How ca a teacher promote creativity in the classroom setting?

      30

    2. Describe and evaluate the model of intelligence proposed by J.P.Das.

      30

    1. How does language differ from other forms of communication? Referring to relevant studies, document children's progress from non-verbal communication to the use of laguage.

      30

    2. Compare the Indian and Western constructions of 'self' with reference to cross-cultural studies and bring out their implications for well-being.

      20

    1. Elaborate upon the salient developments in consciousness studies and indicate the effect of 'mediation' on psychological functions.

      30

    2. Describe different psychological measures of values and outline a programme for fostering values among school-going children.

      20


Psychology for UPSC Mains, 2011: Paper-II

 

  1. Answer the following, each in not more than 200 words:

    20 X 3 = 60

    1. Discuss the process of selection of 'gifted children' on the basis of psychological tests. Make recommendations for their proper schooling.
    2. Critically evaluate internal consistency and stability coefficients as indices of reliability.
    3. Explain delusional disorders and highlight their distinguishing features.
    1. Discuss the various aspects of subjective well-being as propounded by positive psychology movement.

      30

    2. Critically evaluate the effectiveness of Beck's cognitive behaviour therapy in treatment of different types of depressions.

      20

    1. Explain paranoid and schizoid personality disorders.

      30

    2. Compare procedural and distributive justice, and present thier effect on employees' motivation.

      30

    1. Explain person-centered therapy and state its limitations with suitable examples.

      30

    2. Differentiate between managerial effectiveness and efficiency and discuss the factors influencing them.

      20

  2. Write short notes on the following from a sociological perspective (Each short note in about 150 words):

    20 X 3 = 60

    1. Provide comparison between transformational and transactional leadership for thier relevance to Indian organization.
    2. Discuss the efficacy of biofeedback therapy in the maagement of mental health.
    3. Bring out the need of value education in personality development of students during schooling.
    1. What are the techniques and devices used in improving memory to ensure better academic achievements? Discuss.

      30

    2. Clarify the relationship between stereotypes and prejudice, and examine their impact on social integration.

      30

    1. Detail out the relationship between information technology, mass media an their psychological cosequences with suitable examples.

      30

    2. Can deprivation be a source of motivation? Discuss the psychological measures relevant to deal with the negative consequences of prolonged deprivation.

      20

    1. Examine the role of 'mental-plus-muscle' practices in training of athletes.

      30

    2. Discuss the challenges of managing gender bias in Indian society.

      20

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